Because thereÂs a strong relationship between the types of light we see and the temperature of the body that emits light, our eyes perceive bluer lights as correlated with daytime (under normal circumstances) and predominantly redder lights as suitable for times closer to dawn/dusk, or even during the night.
The first part of that sentence has no bearing on the second. Our eyes evolved with the sun as the only lightsource. Color changes are due to atmospheric filtering, not to any temperature changes on the sun or any other body.
ThatÂs why blue, night-vision-ruining headlights are so obnoxious on the road; theyÂve got the wrong color spectrum for a night environment.
These ruin nightvision because they are so intense. The eye's rod sensors (night vision) are more sensitive to blue-green light than the cone sensors (daytime) so the HID color temperature is actually better aligned, but the intensity overwhelms the rods.
if we donÂt want to ruin our night vision or mess up our bodyÂs night/day internal clock,... ThatÂs why many experienced backpackers and amateur astronomers use exclusively red lights
Red light is used due to the difference in sensitivy between rod and cone sensors. The nighttime rods are not very sensitive to red light so you can use it to trigger the cone sensors without overwhelming the rods. You can read a map and not walk into a tree right after. There is no basis to throw the internal clock in the mix (after a late night telescope session, mine's just as screwed up regardless of the type of light I used to find my way around :-/ )